The Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary is a method of prayer that was given to the Church by Our Lady herself and that has been reinforced by her in every approved apparition. Although comprised of the vocal prayers, Our Father, Hail Mary and Glory Be, the Rosary is primarily a means to meditate on the mysteries and events of the life of Jesus and Mary. Whilst praying the vocal prayers we enter into mental prayer as we focus on each scene from the life of Christ. These mysteries are divided into three sets- The Joyful Mysteries, The Sorrowful Mysteries and The Glorious Mysteries- each set containing five mysteries, one for each of the decades of the Rosary.
Rosary beads are used to help us focus and keep our place. When blessed by a priest, these beads become a sacramental, a sacred object which protects us from evil and leads us to God when used devoutly.
See the picture below to understand the geography of the beads and the prayers associated with each one. The initial three ‘Hail Mary’ beads are for an increase in the virtues of Faith, Hope and Charity.
Sign of the Cross – In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.
Apostle’s Creed- I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord: Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary; suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell; the third day He rose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, is seated at the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting. Amen.
Our Father- Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us and lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil. Amen.
Hail Mary- Hail Mary full of grace, the lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death. Amen
Glory Be- Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Ghost, as it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be, world without end, Amen.
Fatima Prayer (Said after the Glory Be)- O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to heaven especially those in most need of thy mercy.
Hail Holy Queen (At the end)- Hail, holy Queen, Mother of mercy, hail, our life, our sweetness and our hope. To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve: to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this vale of tears. Turn then, most gracious Advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us, and after this our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus, O merciful, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary! Amen.
JoyfulMysteries – Monday, Thursday and Saturday and Sundays from the start of Advent to the start of Lent.
Sorrowful Mysteries– Tuesday, Friday and Sundays during Lent
The Joyful Mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Prayed on Monday, Thursday and Saturday and Sundays from the start of Advent to the start of Lent.
1. The Annunciation
26 And in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God into a city of Galilee, called Nazareth,27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.28 And the angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.29 Who having heard, was troubled at his saying, and thought with herself what manner of salutation this should be.30 And the angel said to her: Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found grace with God.31 Behold thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and shalt bring forth a son; and thou shalt call his name Jesus.32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the most High; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David his father; and he shall reign in the house of Jacob for ever.33 And of his kingdom there shall be no end.
2. The Visitation
39 And Mary rising up in those days, went into the hill country with haste into a city of Juda.40 And she entered into the house of Zachary, and saluted Elizabeth.41 And it came to pass, that when Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the infant leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost:42 And she cried out with a loud voice, and said: Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb.43 And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?44 For behold as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in my ears, the infant in my womb leaped for joy.45 And blessed art thou that hast believed, because those things shall be accomplished that were spoken to thee by the Lord.
3. The Nativity
6 And it came to pass, that when they were there, her days were accomplished, that she should be delivered.7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him up in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.
4. The Presentation in the Temple
And after the days of her purification, according to the law of Moses, were accomplished, they carried him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord:23 As it is written in the law of the Lord: Every male opening the womb shall be called holy to the Lord:24 And to offer a sacrifice, according as it is written in the law of the Lord, a pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons:
5. The Finding of Our Lord in the Temple
46 And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.47 And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.48 And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.49 And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father’s business?
The Sorrowful Mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Prayed on Tuesday, Friday and Sundays during Lent.
1. The Agony in the Garden
36 Then Jesus came with them into a country place which is called Gethsemani; and he said to his disciples: Sit you here, till I go yonder and pray.37 And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to grow sorrowful and to be sad.38 Then he saith to them: My soul is sorrowful even unto death: stay you here, and watch with me.39 And going a little further, he fell upon his face, praying, and saying: My Father, if it be possible, let this chalice pass from me. Nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.
2. The Scourging at the Pillar
25 And the whole people answering, said: His blood be upon us and our children.26 Then he released to them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him unto them to be crucified.
3.The Crowning with Thorns
28 And stripping him, they put a scarlet cloak about him.29 And platting a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand. And bowing the knee before him, they mocked him, saying: Hail, king of the Jews.
4. The Carrying of the Cross
12 And from henceforth Pilate sought to release him. But the Jews cried out, saying: If thou release this man, thou art not Caesar’s friend. For whosoever maketh himself a king, speaketh against Caesar.13 Now when Pilate had heard these words, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat, in the place that is called Lithostrotos, and in Hebrew Gabbatha.14 And it was the parasceve of the pasch, about the sixth hour, and he saith to the Jews: Behold your king.15 But they cried out: Away with him; away with him; crucify him. Pilate saith to them: Shall I crucify your king? The chief priests answered: We have no king but Caesar.16 Then therefore he delivered him to them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him forth.17 And bearing his own cross, he went forth to that place which is called Calvary, but in Hebrew Golgotha.18 Where they crucified him, and with him two others, one on each side, and Jesus in the midst.
5. The Crucifixion
45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.46 And Jesus crying out with a loud voice, said: Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit. And saying this, he gave up the ghost.
The Glorious Mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Prayed on Wednesday, Saturday and Sundays from Easter to Advent.
1. The Resurrection
5 And the angel answering, said to the women: Fear not you; for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified.6 He is not here, for he is risen, as he said. Come, and see the place where the Lord was laid.
2. The Ascension
50 And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.51 And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
3. The Decent of the Holy Ghost on Our Lady and the Apostles at Pentecost
2 And when the days of the Pentecost were accomplished, they were all together in one place:2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a mighty wind coming, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.3 And there appeared to them parted tongues as it were of fire, and it sat upon every one of them:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost,
4. The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
1 Kings 2:19
…and a throne was set for the king’s mother, and she sat on his right hand.
5. The Crowning of Our Lady as the Queen of Heaven and the Joy of All the Saints
19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven: and the ark of his testament was seen in his temple, and there were lightnings, and voices, and an earthquake, and great hail.12 And a great sign appeared in heaven: A woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars: